Standstill Agreement Between India And Pakistan

The new delegation obtained only trivial changes to the previous draft agreement. [12] It established that all subsequent agreements and administrative arrangements between the British Crown and Nizam would be maintained with the Indian government. These include defence, foreign affairs and communication (the three themes that are normally addressed in the accession instrument). The agents would be exchanged between Hyderabad and India. The Indian government has agreed to relinquish the functions of the supreme government. The status quo agreement is expected to remain in effect for a one-year period. [13] The agreement was signed by Nizam on November 29, 1947. [14] The Indian Independence Act of 1947 laid the legal basis for the British withdrawal from the subcontinent and guaranteed division. On June 3, 1947, a status quo agreement was drawn up by the British-Indian government to ensure that “all administrative arrangements between the British Crown and the Spring State be maintained without amendment between the signatory states (India and Pakistan) and the State until new agreements are reached.” THE FIRST KASHMIR FUT “CEASEFIRE LINE”: after the signing of the accession instrument, the first war between India and Pakistan for Jammu and Kashmir took place from 1947 to 1948.

This provoked further riots and the United Nations had to intervene to negotiate a ceasefire. Most of the troops were withdrawn and in January 1949 a ceasefire line was agreed between India and Pakistan. Hyderabad violated all the terms of the agreement: in foreign affairs, by carrying out intrigues with Pakistan, to which it had secretly lent 15 million pounds; in defence, by building a large semi-military army; communication, through interventions in border traffic and transit traffic of Indian railways. [18] India has also been accused of violating the agreement by imposing an economic blockade. It turns out that the State of Bombay unknowingly intervened from Delhi in deliveries to Hyderabad. The government has promised to take it with the provincial governments, but scholar Lucien Benichou says it has never been done. India also delayed India`s arms deliveries to Hyderabad, which was later de affirmed as a violation of the status quo agreement. [19] Abdullah`s movement for better governance and his massive appeal made him an easy target for the Maharajah, who arrested him several times between 1931 and 1947.

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