Wto Agreement Rules Of Origin

(b) notwithstanding the commercial policy to which they are linked, their rules of origin shall not be used as instruments for the direct or indirect pursuit of commercial objectives; The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Rules of Origin requires WTO Members to apply their rules of origin in an impartial, transparent and uniform manner. The agreement also requires that rules of origin do not restrict, distort or disrupt international trade. Under the 1923 Geneva Convention, governments delegated the issuance of certificates of origin to the chambers. The Chambers are considered competent organisations and are considered responsible and reliable third parties with neutrality and impartiality. The Council on International Certificates of Origin (ICO) of the ICC World Federation of Chambers was established to strengthen and promote the unique position of the Chambers as a natural actor in the issuance of commercial documents. The Federation has established a universal set of procedures for the issuance and certification of certificates by chambers around the world. [33] Since the adoption of the Convention on Rules of Origin, the Committee`s work has focused mainly on the harmonization of non-preferential rules of origin. Recently, WTO members have also begun work on preferential rules of origin and, in particular, on rules of origin used in the context of trade preferences for least developed countries (DDCs). A provision which stipulates that, in order to determine the origin of the goods, all working and processing must be carried out without interruption in the territory of the Contracting Parties.

Article 1 of the Agreement defines rules of origin as the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of general application applied to determine the country of origin of goods, with the exception of those relating to the granting of tariff preferences. Therefore, the Agreement applies only to rules of origin used in non-preferential trade policy instruments such as most-favoured-nation instruments, anti-dumping and countervailing duties, safeguard measures, origin marking requirements and discriminatory quantitative restrictions or tariff quotas, as well as to trade statistics and government procurement. However, it is expected that conclusions regarding the definition of domestic production or like products of domestic production will not be affected by the Agreement. .

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